What Can Mute Crickets
Evolution Under Our Noses
The first time I saw a picture of
a mute cricket, my mind drifted to the children on
autism spectrum. In recent years, generations of crickets in the
Hawaiian islands of Kauai and Oahu were born
mute—without capacity for chirping—for environmental
reasons. I see the appalling rise in the incidence
of the autism spectrum in the same light, though babies
who latter are diagnosed with autism usually do not
show clinical signs of of gene alteration at birth.
It puzzling why the so-called autism researchers
remain totally oblivious to
the toxic womb states of expecting mothers which are
expected to set the stage for gene alteration.
Molecular Biology of the Autism Spectrum
Below is some text from my companion article
entitled "Autism - A Biologic View: Initial Brain
Hypertrophy and Delayed Brain Atrophy."
"Molecular biology is the voice
of reason in the care of children with the autism
spectrum; psychiatry, its belief system. Reason is
the faculty of observing natural phenomena and
integrating new observations into the existing body
of information – the natural order of things – to
advance knowledge and understanding. Belief, by
contrast, is one person's opinion imprinted
permanently on another person's awareness – a file
downloaded onto someone's "hard drive of
understanding" without their ability to use a delete
key. The subject is unwavering with that opinion and
remains impervious to observations that challenge
Back to my autistic crickets. In
2003, a number of male field crickets on the
Hawaiian island of Kauai were found to be mute. In
2005, the same phenomenon was observed among
crickets on Oahu. The mutant males on the two
islands stopped singing independently as a result of
two similar but distinct genetic adaptations. A
biologist at the University of St. Andrews in
Scotland involved with the study said, "And it’s
exciting because we are catching this mutation as
it’s happening in the wild."
Researchers Not Interested in Toxic Womb States
I do not recall anyone in the
"autism research" speaking about excitement
concerning "evolution under our noses"—gene
alterations that occur short-range in response to
toxicities of human habitat. Specifically, in the
context of the autism spectrum, how might the toxic
womb conditions alter gene expressions—silencing
some genes and making some others loud and
angry—within the brains of the unborn in the most
vulnerable periods of their lives (in the first 6 to
18 weeks of gestation)? It is the toxic womb states
that set the stage for the development of the autism
spectrum after birth. This is my
evolutionary-biologic view of the roots of autism
described at length in other articles in my Autism
Course (links given below).
People who contribute to womb pollution largely
are the people who control autism research. They do
not find any profit in considering the real
observable and demonstrable phenomena concerning the
impact of toxicities of the environments, foods, and
chronic anger on the energetic, developmental, and
differentiative processes of the brains of the
unborn, as well of infants and children the unborn
so affected grow into.
Autism - An Evolutionary-Biologic View
The Toxic Womb State
Rising Prevalence of Autism Spectrum
Oxygen-impaired Womb and Behavior Disorders
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
What can Mute
Crickets Teach About Autism?
Autism Epidemic in China
I Predict Autism
Epidemics in China
Gut Microbes Sicken Children
Every Child Is
Born A Scientist
- The Best First-aid
What Is Oxygen?
Mercury, Toxic Womb
State, and the Autism Spectrum
Breathing for Children With Anxiety and Asthma
What Is Life Span?
Water Do in Metabolism?
What Is the
of High Blood Pressure
Silent. NYT JUNE 2, 2014
By SINDYA N. BHANOO
In 2003, a number of male field crickets on the
Hawaiian island of Kauai were born without the
ability to chirp. Two years later, the same thing
happened on Oahu.
Researchers thought the events were related — a
genetic mutation that spread from one island to the
other through commercial transport, or perhaps even
a flying cricket that found its own way over.
But now, researchers report that the mutant males
on each island stopped singing independently,
through two similar but distinct adaptations.
"It’s an example of convergent evolution," said
Nathan Bailey, a biologist at the University of St.
Andrews in Scotland and an author of the new study,
which appears in Current Biology. "And it’s exciting
because we are catching this mutation as it’s
happening in the wild."
Male crickets have specialized structures at the
end of their wings. When they rub them together, the
structures engage with one another and make the
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"It’s like rubbing a fingernail along the teeth
of a comb," Dr. Bailey said.
He and his colleagues discovered that different
gene markers were responsible for the modified wing
structures of the crickets on Oahu and on Kauai.
And though the species, Teleogryllus oceanicus,
is found throughout Polynesia and in Australia, the
silencing effect has been seen only in Hawaii.
Dr. Bailey said the crickets had adapted to
become less vulnerable to a parasitic Hawaiian fly
that is attracted to the males’ chirp. The fly
larvae burrow into the cricket, causing it to die
within a week.
But there is a downside: The males who do not
chirp cannot attract females as easily as those who
"So instead they adjust their behavior," Dr.
Bailey said. "They hang around the remaining singing
males and then inter
What can Mute Crickets
Teach About Autism?